List of Cash Crops In Nigeria and Where They are Found

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The Nigerian Economy depends on the Agricultural sector as it is responsible for job employment, food, source of medicine, clothing, shelter, income and more. The Agricultural sector makes provision for two types of crops, the food crop and the cash crops. Today, our discussion will be on the cash crop since it has a higher impact on the economy. According to the Stats carries out by Central Intelligence Agency U.S:

70% of the country’s labour force (occupation%) is engaged in Agriculture. While industry and service shares the remaining number by 10% and 20% respectively.

list of cash crops in northern nigeria

In Nigeria, there are two types of crops produced in large and small scale and they are: Food crops and Cash crops. Merriam Webster dictionary defines cash crop as a readily salable crop (such as cotton or tobacco) produced or gathered primarily for market. Therefore any product produced for the purpose of selling it is a cash crop.
NigerianFinder have it that, “About 33% of the Nigerian land area is used for cultivating of crops while two third of this land mass is used for local crop production”. The farmers involved are mainly farmers with simple farm production technique. They are mainly substituent farmers who produce for consumption and market the excess products.In this article we’ll be discussing on Cash crops in Nigeria and their location.

FAQ about Cash crops in Nigeria

Map of Nigeria showing important cash crops and where they are found
list 20 Nigerian cash crops

Cash crops in Nigeria and the States they are found

Below are the examples and list of major cash crops in Nigeria and their locations:

OIL PALM – Cross River, Akwa Ibom, Ekiti, Delta, Bayelsa, Ogun, Rivers, Anambra, Ondo, Enugu, Imo, Oyo, Abia, Edo, and Ogun.

RICE – Kebbi, Kano, Ebonyi, Anambra, Niger and Taraba, Kebbi is the main rice producing state in Nigeria.

COTTON – Kaduna, Ondo, Kano, Katsina ,Oyo, Kwara, Ogun, Zamfara, Jigawa, Sokoto, and Kebbi.

GARLIC – Kano, Kaduna, Kebbi, Sokoto, Jigawa, Bauchi, Katsina and Zamfara

GINGER – Kaduna State, Gombe, Bauchi, Benue and Nassarawa. Kanduna is the major producer of ginger in Nigeria.

GUM ARABIC – Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Yobe, Jigawa, Gombe, Taraba, Plateau, Sokoto, Kebbi, Katsina, Nasarawa ,Niger and Zamfara

HIBISCUS – Major areas of production Jigawa, Kano, Bauchi states, other location include Sokoto, Zamfara, Katsina, and Borno states.

GROUNDNUT – Niger, Kano, Jigawa, Zamfara,Kebbi, Sokoto, Katsina, Kaduna, Adamawa, Yobe, Borno, Taraba, Plateau, Nasarawa, Bauchi, and Gombe States.

YAM – Taraba, Benue, Niger and Nassarawa.

CASSAVA – Imo, Ondo, Anambra, Kogi, Taraba, Cross River, Enugu, Ogun, Benue, Delta, and Edo.

CASHEW – Enugu, Oyo, Anambra, Kogi, Osun, Abia, Ondo, Benue, Cross River, Imo, Ekiti, Ebonyi, Kwara and Nassarawa.

MAIZE – Niger, Kaduna, Taraba, Plateau, and Adamawa

COWPEA – Borno, Zamfara, Sokoto, Kano, Gombe and Yobe

SOYBEAN – Benue, Kaduna, Nasarawa, Kebbi, Kwara, Oyo, Jigawa, Borno, Bauchi, Lagos, Sokoto, Zamfara and FCT.

RUBBER – Edo, Delta, Ondo, Ogun, Abia, Anambra, Akwa Ibom, Cross River, Rivers, Ebonyi and Bayelsa States.

SESAME SEED – Kano, Nasarawa, Jigawa, Benue States,Yobe, Kano, Katsina, Kogi, Gombe, Kwara, Niger, Bauchi and Plateau States.

SUGAR CANE – Sokoto, Taraba, Niger, Kogi, Kwara as well as most States in northern Nigeria.

PEPPER – Kaduna, Kano, Jigawa, Katsina, Sokoto, Plateau and Bauchi states

TIMBER – Ondo, Cross River, Ogun, Edo, Delta Ekiti, Osun and Oyo States.

TOMATO – Jigawa, Katsina, Zamfara, Sokoto, Kaduna, Bauchi, Gombe, Taraba, Kano.

SORGHUM – Zamfara, Niger, Plateau, Katsina, Kaduna, Benue, Kano, Bauchi, and Borno state

WHEAT – Borno, Yobe, Jigawa, Kano, Zamfara, Katsina, Adamawa, Sokoto and Kebbi.

HIDES AND SKIN – Kano, Adamawa, Bauchi, Gombe, Niger, Kaduna, Zamfara, Borno, Taraba, Jigawa, Kebbi, Oyo Kwara and Nassarawa.

COCOA – Ondo, Osun, Cross River, Ekiti, Oyo, and Edo.

PLANTAIN – Lagos, Ondo, Ogun, Oyo, Oshun, Ekiti, Edo, Delta, Cross River, Akwa Ibom, Imo, Bayelsa, Abia and Ebonyi.


The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency U.S

Nigerian State and their Agricultural Produce Agronewsng

Merriam Webster Dictionary

List of Cash crops in Nigeria. Nigerian Finder 2018

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